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History of camera surveillance


On April 30, 2020 By Eric Lay

Surveillance is nothing new. For many years, we have seen its application in many industries. Although it was used limitedly, records show that it has been around since the 1940s.

In 1942, Germany first used the Closed Circuit Television (CCTV). Scientists developed the technology to monitor V2 rockets launching to space. Shortly after, the CCTV was used by the United States for testing of atomic bombs. In the late 1940s, video surveillance was used commercially in the United States. A company, named Vericon, promoted the system for widescale use.

In the 1950s, video surveillance was used in the medical and manufacturing industries. During this time, the video was purely black and white. Upon the emergence of color cameras in the same decade, people in the industry debated whether it was right to incorporate color cameras into video surveillance systems. Black and white cameras provide low light sensitivity and crisper images, while color cameras, well, show colors.

In the early stage of video surveillance, this technology was only used for live monitoring. It did not have the capability for video recording. Camera systems were strictly for real-time viewing.

In the mid-1960s, public surveillance cameras have become common. They were largely used by the police to monitor crime and identify perpetrators. By the end of the decade, the first home video surveillance system was patented. Home CCTV started with four cameras connected to a monitor.

In the 1970s, the CCTV was used in most commercial establishments. Banks, supermarkets, retail stores used the system as a security measure against theft and robbery. In the 1980s, the trend continued. The use of CCTV has become widely popular and necessary for most businesses.

The ’90s signaled the breakthrough in video surveillance. With the proliferation of network-attached cameras and Ethernet, Video signals were sent as digital encoded signals instead of analog.

In the 2000s, the proliferation of the internet and wireless communication have upgraded the experience of video surveillance. Now, both live-monitoring and video recording are possible even if you are a thousand miles away from the monitored area.

The mass production of low-cost cameras by Chinese companies has allowed the proliferation of home video surveillance at affordable prices. Companies have even made it possible for individuals to install the system on their own.

More improvements are added to the current technology. Video surveillance systems have now adopted the use of professional and high-resolution cameras. This innovation has allowed the government and its law enforcement units to monitor their areas and their constituents better. Traffic cameras have become high performing, that they can catch plate numbers and faces at night.

At present, video surveillance serves as more than just a tool for safety. With the advent of analytics and IoT, video surveillance now helps in the decision-making of most industries. The data collected by these systems are studied to discover patterns and behavior, allowing businesses to understand the market better.

For decades, video surveillance has played a massive role in ensuring safety and security in most, if not all, industries all over the world. However, as technology continues to be better, we are now seeing applications of this system in areas beyond the original intention.

Video surveillance has proven itself to be a necessary tool in any business. Without one, you and your business may be missing out on a lot of opportunities, such as improving security, studying market patterns, and tracking foot traffic.

Don’t miss out on these opportunities! Call us to learn more about the solutions we can provide for you!


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